NBC Bay Area: Defunct San Francisco Reservoir to be Turned Into Park

Location of the old Russian Hill reservoirs. 1861 Wackenreuder map, courtesy of the David Rumsey Map Collection.

Location of the old Russian Hill reservoirs. 1861 Wackenreuder map, courtesy of the David Rumsey Map Collection.

Defunct San Francisco Reservoir to be Turned Into Park | NBC Bay Area.

San Francisco’s newest neighborhood park will be atop of Russian Hill, located at the old San Francisco City Works Reservoir at Larkin and Francisco streets. The old San Francisco City Works operated a flume that delivered city water from Mountain Lake in the Presidio to two reservoirs atop Russian Hill–one at the location of the proposed park, currently labeled as open space, and the second which was located two blocks south at Lombard and Hyde streets, the George Sterling Memorial open space.

A coalition of neighborhood organizations has developed a website where you can find out more about Francisco Park and its history: http://www.franciscoreservoir.org/.

See the full version of the historical 1861 Wackenreuder map here.

History of San Francisco’s Parks, Plazas, & Public Squares

1908 Buena Vista Park & DuboceThe History of San Francisco’s Park & Plazas will be a series of articles exploring the history of San Francisco’s parks, plazas, and public squares.

Why San Francisco?

As a Bay Area resident from 2000-2008 I became very interested in the city of San Francisco as a historical subject. One of my research interests includes how changes in the built environment affect the role and use of public space in urban and rural settings. San Francisco has experienced dramatic changes in its built environment over the years making it a particularly interesting and fascinating historical subject. This series will explore the historical antecedents of the city’s parks and other public spaces, how they’ve been reimagined over the years, and how the city has repurposed land once considered “unusable,” such as cemeteries and watershed sloughs, into new areas for parks and public squares. The parks and public spaces that have been completely lost to history will also be addressed.

Research Methodology & Framework

The series will look critically at the history of the city’s parks, plazas, and public squares as told through historical maps, while also incorporating other scholarly Californiana resources such as books, historical newspapers, journal articles, and ephemera. I am also interested in applying this research framework to other urban and rural areas in California, including Humboldt County.

Index of Old San Francisco Street Names

Image from FoundSF.

Image from FoundSF.

You can now find an online index of San Francisco’s historical street names. The index contains a list of street names that have been altered over the years, as well as street names that have simply been lost due to changes in the city’s built environment. The reference tool is available to anyone online (scholars, amateur historians, etc.) and includes street names from modern San Francisco’s earliest days in the 1840s.

I’ve been keeping track of this data on my own for a while now and recently I decided to compile it together into a user-friendly, online research tool. The street name data is compiled mostly from the San Francisco Municipal Reports (1880/1881; 1894/1895) and Louis K. Loewenstein’s Streets of San Francisco: The Origins of Street and Place Names (San Francisco: Lexikos, 1984). Old street names from historical newspapers, like the Daily Alta California, are also included, though their historical provenance is often difficult to trace. I would like this to be a collaborative tool, so if anyone out there wants to contribute their knowledge and expertise regarding this topic, please feel free to do so. All I ask is that you provide references for your contributions.

The index is sortable (thanks Google Tables!) by current street name, old street name, date of change, or neighborhood. Eventually I’ll incorporate a mapping component that will provide a visual index to the compiled historical data. Embedded below is an example of the table. It’s sorted by “Current Street Name” by default, but you can click on the header in each field to sort by another element. Below the embedded table is a link to the full Old San Francisco Street Names index.

https://www.google.com/fusiontables/embedviz?viz=GVIZ&t=TABLE&q=select+col0%2C+col1%2C+col3%2C+col7%2C+col4%2C+col6%2C+col5+from+16o-L3dHqyPmbiYqQsIgai2KIBvuN_8JIWc_vtjE+order+by+col1+asc&containerId=gviz_canvas

Interact with the full index here: goo.gl/CCFWZ.

EDIT, March 19, 2014: The title of the online index has been changed to San Francisco’s Historical Street Names.

The Fred Rochlin Collection

Fred Rochlin was a long-time architect in southern California who formed an architecture firm in 1952 with colleague Ephraim Baran. The Los Angeles-based Rochlin & Baran architecture firm specializes in (it’s still an operating firm) the design of hospitals, medical facilities, and, oddly enough, observatories.

The Rochlin collection contains materials related to the architect’s post-retirement career as a monologist, performer, and author of a collection of World War II memoirs. The collection contains manuscripts, ephemera, photographs, and correspondence related to his one-man performance titled “Old Man in a Baseball Cap” and the published book by the same name.

The Architect

Los Angeles Public Library, Encinco-Tarzana Branch, designed by Rochlin & Baran (1960). Photo from the LAPL

Los Angeles Public Library, Encinco-Tarzana Branch, designed by Rochlin & Baran (1960). Photo from the LAPL Photo Collection.

Rochlin was born in 1923 in a village outside of Nogales, Arizona, a town that formed an axis around which many of the writings in his later career centered. In 1942 Rochlin dropped out of college to join the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II, and he served as a navigator aboard a B-24 bomber in the European theater. “Our job,” writes Rochlin in his memoirs, “was to bomb the southern perimeter of Europe and bomb in front of the Russian armies that were advancing from the East.” After an honorable discharge in 1946 at the rank of Lieutenant, Rochlin enrolled in UC Berkeley’s architecture program where he met both his future business partner, Ephraim Baran, and his future wife, Harriet Shapiro. From 1949-1952 Rochlin interned in the prestigious architecture firms of Lloyd Wright and Charles Eames, and in 1952 he and Baran formed their own architecture firm.

Beginning in a modest one-room studio in Santa Monica, Rochlin & Baran would go on to design a large number of hospitals and medical facilities throughout southern California including City of Hope, St. John’s Hospital, Tarzana Medical Center, Kaiser West Los Angeles, Northridge Medical Center, West Hills Hospital, and the UCLA Jonsson Cancer Research Center. Apart from medical facilities, Rochlin & Baran also designed some of the nation’s leading observatories including the U. S. Naval Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, the University of Hawaii Observatory at Mauna Kea, the U.S. Solar Observatory in Sacramento, New Mexico, and the McDonald Observatory in Fort Davis, Texas. Other non-hospital projects included private residences, apartment buildings, and various civic buildings like the Los Angeles Public Library, Sherman Oaks Branch building (1960). In 1986 Rochlin retired from the firm he co-founded. “I want to immerse myself in the arts,” he wrote in his resignation letter that was poetic, cryptic, and that quoted writers like Thoreau and Yeats. “It takes the whole of a life time just to learn how to live it,” he said, hinting at his future artistic pursuits.

Old Man in a Baseball Cap

Rochlin bookAfter his retirement, Rochlin embarked on a fascinating and unlikely second career in writing and stage performance. In 1993 Rochlin attended a writing workshop led by author Spalding Gray at the Esalen Institute in Big Sur, Califonrnia. In a letter to Gray, Rochlin wrote how he wanted to learn the craft of writing; he wanted to do what Gray did. Rochlin and Gray developed a friendship and Rochlin would later host the famous monologist at his Westwood apartment. In 1994, Rochlin enrolled in the Go Solo workshop at the Highways Performance Space in Santa Monica, California. Led by Laurie Lathem, the Go Solo workshops taught attendees how to write and perform for the stage. Between 1994-1996, Rochlin produced a number of performance scripts based on his experiences as a navigator in a B-24 bomber during World War II, titled “Old Man in a Baseball Cap.”

On February 6, 1996, Rochlin performed an early version of his “Old Man in a Baseball Cap” script on stage at Highways. In his 20-minute monologue, Fred talked about growing up outside of Nogales, joining the Army Air Force after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, and performing an emergency Caesarean section hours before going on a bombing run over Hungary. After returning, his crew would learn that they bombed the wrong target, effectively wiping out a city of innocents by accident. Rochlin’s performances were powerful, engaging, and generally very well received. Over the next few years, he performed “Old Man in a Baseball Cap” in Los Angeles, La Jolla, Louisville, Sacramento, Peterborough, Mamaroneck, Skokie, and Phoenix. He told stories about being shot down over Yugoslavia, parachuting into the middle of nowhere and having to walk out of the country to Italy on foot led by a Yugoslav partisan named Maruska. Rochlin’s performance at Sacramento’s “B” Street Theater on January 6, 1998 received a very favorable write-up from Bruce Weber at the New York Times, who called Rochlin’s monolog “ribald, adult, morally complex and occasionally starkly funny (“At 74, a New Life as a Spellbinder Haunted by War,” The New York Times, Arts in America section, January 22, 1998).”

Publication

Fred at his Westwood home.

Fred at his Westwood home.

Achieving in a few years what most actors and writers can only hope to achieve during their lifetime, Rochlin secured a book deal with HarperCollins to turn his monologs into a collection of published memoirs. Throughout 1998, Rochlin worked on developing a manuscript of his memoirs and the book was published in early 1999. Despite the publication of his book and his hectic publicity schedule, Rochlin continued to perform “Old Man in a Baseball Cap” and attend writers’ workshops, like the Djerassi Resident Artists’ Program.

Harriet Rochlin has managed Fred’s papers and manuscripts since his death in 2002. The collection of papers, manuscripts, ephemera, and photographs has been processed and deposited at UCLA Library Special Collections, where it will be available to researchers. An online finding aid to the Fred Rochlin collection is forthcoming.

Further Reading & Listening

You can hear a fascinating and powerful interview of Fred Rochlin from This American Life, recorded in 1998 at the height of his career as a monologist. Rochlin was interviewed by his daughter, journalist Margy Rochlin, and he elaborates on some of his experiences in World War II and on being part of southern California’s art and theater world. In the candid interview, Margy learns some things about her father for the first time.

Historical Bibliography of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake & Fire

The following is a historical bibliography of works related to the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fires. The bibliography was originally prepared by the San Francisco Public Library and published in the city’s San Francisco Municipal Reports, 1905-1907, pp. 743-754.

The historical bibliography is transcribed here and is intended for research purposes. Citation styles have been left in their original format as much as possible.

——————–

BIBLIOGRAPHY

(Prepared by the San Francisco Public Library)

List of Books, Pamphlets and Periodical Articles Relating to the San Francisco Earthquake, Fire and Relief Work of 1906.

BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS

  1. Aitken, F. W., and Hilton, E. History of the Earthquake and Fire in San Francisco. 1906.
  2. American National Red Cross. Bulletin. Vol. 1, No. 4; Vol. 2, No. 1.
  3. American Society of Civil Engineers. Report of a General Committee and Six Special Committees of the San Francisco Association of Members of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Effects of the San Francisco Earthquake of April 18, 1906, on Engineering Construction. Proceedings. 33:299, 537.
  4. Bancroft, H. B. Some Cities and San Francisco, and Resurgam. 1907.
  5. Banks, C. E., and Read, O. P. History of the San Francisco Disaster and Mount Vesuvius Horror. 1906.
  6. Bennett, J. E. Rebuilding of San Francisco. 1906. Pamphlet.
  7. Best’s Special Report upon the San Francisco Losses and Settlements. Pamphlet.
  8. California Earthquake Investigation Commission. Preliminary Report. 1906.
  9. Complete History of the San Francisco Disaster and Mount Vesuvius Horror. 1906.
  10. Davidson, G. San Francisco Earthquake of April, 1906. (American Philosophical Proceedings. 45:164.)
  11. Davidson, G. Points of Interest Involved in the San Francisco Earthquake. (American Philosophical Proceedings. 45:178.)
  12. General Masonic Relief Fund. Report. Pamphlet.
  13. Gill, H. V. Possible connection between the recent Disturbances of Vesuvius and San Francisco. (Royal Dublin Society of Science Proceedings. June, 1906.)
  14. Givens, J. D. San Francisco in Ruins.
  15. Greely, A. W. Special Report of Major-General Adolphus W. Greely, U.S.A., commanding the Pacific Division, on the relief operations conducted by the military authorities of the United States at San Francisco and other points, with accompanying documents. 1906.
  16. Himmelwright, A. L. A. San Francisco Earthquake and Fire. A brief history of the disaster; a presentation of facts and resulting phenomena, with special reference to the efficiency of building materials; lessons of the Disaster. 1907.
  17. Irwin, W. H. City that Was. 1906.
  18. Japan. Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee. Bulletin. Vol. 1, 1907.
  19. Jordan, D. S., ed. California Earthquake of 1906. Contents: Jordan, D. S., Earthquake Rift of April, 1906. Branner, J. C., Geology and the Earthquake. Derleth, C., Jr., Destructive Extent of the California Earthquake of 1906, its effect upon structures and structural materials, Within the Earthquake Belt. Gilbert, G. K., Investigation of the California Earthquake of 1906. Taber, S., Local Effects of the California Earthquake of 1906. Omori, F., Preliminary Note on the Cause of the California Earthquake of 1906. Fairbanks, H. W., Great Earthquake Rift of California. Austin, M., The Temblor, a personal narration. 1906.
  20. Joseph Dixon Crucible Co. Through Frisco’s Furnace. 1906. Pamphlet.
  21. Keeler, C. San Francisco Through Earthquake and Fire. 1906.
  22. Lafler, H. A. How the Army Worked to Save San Francisco. 1906. Pamphlet.
  23. Linthicum, R. San Francisco Earthquake Horror.
  24. McAdie, A. G. Catalogue of Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast, 1897 to 1906. 1907. (Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Vol. XLIX.)
  25. Manson, M. Report of Marsden Manson to the Mayor and Committee on Reconstruction on the Improvements now necessary to Execute, and an Estimate of the Cost of Same. 1906. Pamphlet.
  26. Marsch, C. W. Facts Concerning the Great Fire of San Francisco. 1907. Pamphlet.
  27. Massachusetts Association for the Relief of San Francisco. Report. 1906. Pamphlet.
  28. Merchants’ Association of New York. Committee for the Relief of the San Francisco Sufferers. Report. 1906. Pamphlet.
  29. Mills, W. H. Influences that Insure the Rebuilding of San Francisco. (State Board of Trade, Bulletin No. 15.) 1906. Pamphlet.
  30. Mining and Scientific Press. After Earthquake and Fire. 1907.
  31. Mississippi Wire Glass Company. Earthquake and Fire, San Francisco, 1906. Concerning the fire resistance of building materials tested in San Francisco, 1906. 1907. Pamphlet.
  32. Morris, C., ed. San Francisco Calamity by Earthquake and Fire. 1906.
  33. Morrow, W. W. Earthquake of April 18, 1906, and the Great Fire in San Francisco on that and succeeding Days. Personal experiences, inauguration of Red Cross and General Relief Work. Pamphlet.
  34. National Fire-proofing Company. Trial by Fire at San Francisco. 1906. Pamphlet.
  35. Newman, W. A. What the Earthquake Actually Did to California Federal Buildings. 1906. Pamphlet.
  36. Omori, Fusakichi. Comparison of the Faults in the Three Earthquakes of Mino-Owari, Formosa, and San Francisco. (Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee. Bulletin v. 1:70.)
  37. Omori, Fusakichi. Note on the San Francisco Earthquake of April 18, 1906. 1906. (Earthquake Investigation Committee. Publications 21, appendix II.)
  38. Omori, Fusakichi. Preliminary Note on the Cause of the San Francisco Earthquake of April 18, 1906. (Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee. Bulletin, v. 1:7.)
  39. Omori, Fusakichi. Preliminary Note on the Seismographic Observations of the San Francisco Earthquake of April 18, 1906. 1906. (Imperial Earthquake Investigation Committee. Bulletin, v. 1:26.)
  40. Reconstruction Committee. Sub-Committee on Statistics. Report. April 24, 1907. Pamphlet.
  41. Redwood Association. Redwood in the San Francisco Fire. Pamphlet.
  42. Reed, S. A. San Francisco Conflagration of April, 1906. Special report to the National Board of Fire Underwriters. Committee on Twenty. 1906.
  43. San Francisco Chamber of Commerce. Report of the Special Committee of the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce on Insurance Settlements incident to the San Francisco Fire. 1906. Pamphlet.
  44. San Francisco Relief and Red Cross Funds. Department Reports. March 19, 1907. Pamphlets.
  45. San Francisco Relief and Red Cross Funds (Finance Committee). Rules of procedure to define the accounting system covering the business of the Finance Committee. April 30, 1906. Pamphlet.
  46. Schussler, H. Water supply of San Francisco, California, Before, During and After the Earthquake of April 18, 1906, and the subsequent Conflagration. 1906.
  47. Searight, F. T. Doomed City. 1906.
  48. See, J. J. T. Cause of Earthquakes, Mountain Formation and Kindred Phenomena connected with the Physics of the Earth. 1907.
  49. Southern Pacific Railroad. San Francisco Imperishable. 1906.
  50. Stetson, J. B. San Francisco During the Eventful Days of April, 1906. Pamphlet.
  51. “Thirty-Five” Companies. Committee of Five. Report of Committee of Five to the “Thirty-Five” Companies on the San Francisco Conflagration. 1906. Pamphlet.
  52. Tyler, S. San Francisco’s Great Disaster. A full account of the recent terrible destruction of life and property by earthquake, fire and volcano in California and Vesuvius, with an interesting chapter on the causes of this and other earthquakes, growing mountains and volcanoes, by Ralph Stockman Tarr. 1906.
  53. United States Geological Survey. Bulletin 324. San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of April 18, 1906, and their effects on structures and structural materials. 1907.
  54. United States War Department. Employment of Labor at Mare Island Navy Yard, etc. Message from the President of the United States, transmitting communications from the Navy Department in reference to communications from Mayor Schmitz, of San Francisco, and other representatives of California. 1906. (59th Congress., 1st Session, Senate Document 405.)
  55. United States War Department. Relief for San Francisco. 1906. (59th Congress., 1st Session, House Document 714.)
  56. Wilson, J. R. San Francisco’s Horror of Earthquake and Fire, to which is added graphic accounts of the eruptions of Vesuvius and many other volcanoes, explaining the causes of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, compiled from stories told by eyewitnesses of these frightful scenes. 1906.
  57. Wood, J. W. Church in San Francisco, How It Suffered from Fire, What can be done to Rebuild It. 1906.
  58. Woodruff Co. Our Story: Reinforced Concrete and Methods of Using It. 1906. Pamphlet.
  59. Zeigler, W. G. Story of the Earthquake and Fire. 1906.

PERIODICAL ARTICLES

  1. Aiken, C. S. San Francisco One Year After. Sunset. 18:501.
  2. Aiken, C. S. San Francisco’s Plight and Prospect. Sunset. 17:13.
  3. Aiken, C. S. San Francisco’s Uprising. Sunset. 17:328.
  4. Alden, C. H., Jr. Burnt Clay Construction at San Francisco. Brick Builder, May, 1906.
  5. Ashley, C. H. Geological Prelude to the San Francisco Earthquake. Popular Science Monthly. 69:69.
  6. Atherton, G. San Francisco’s Tragic Dawn. Harper’s Weekly, May 5, 1906.
  7. Atherton, G. Earthquake Reflections. Harper’s Weekly, May 12, 1906.
  8. Austin, M. The Temblor: a personal narration. Out West. 24:479.
  9. Baker, R. S. Test of Men. American Magazine. 63:81.
  10. Bauer, L. A. Magnetograph Records of Earthquakes, with special reference to the San Francisco Earthquake, April 18, 1906. Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity. 11:135.
  11. Bauer, L. A. and Burbank, J. C. San Francisco Earthquake of April 18, 1906, as recorded by the Coast and Geodetic Survey Magnetic Observations. National Geographic Magazine. 17:298.
  12. Bauer, L. A. Seismograph and Magnetograph Records of the San Francisco Earthquake, April 18, 1906. Popular Science Monthly. 69:116.
  13. Beringer, P. N. Destruction of San Francisco. Overland. 47:392.
  14. Beringer, P. N. San Francisco’s Wonder Year. Overland, n.s. 49:375.
  15. Bicknell, E. P. In the Thick of the Relief Work at San Francisco. Char. 16:295.
  16. Boggs, E. M. Comments of Californian Engineers on the Earthquake and Fire. Eng. Rec., May 5, 1906.
  17. Bonner, G. Passing of the Argonaut’s City. Reader. 8:285.
  18. Brandt, L. Rehabilitation Work in San Francisco. Char. 17:25.
  19. Brandt, L. Relief Work in San Francisco in 1907. Char. 18:248.
  20. Branner, J. C. Geology and the Earthquake. Out West. 24:513.
  21. Burke, E. M. Woman’s Experience of Earthquake and Fire. Outlook. 83:273.
  22. Carey, E. P. The Great Fault of California and the San Francisco Earthquake, April 18, 1906. Journal of Geography. 5:289.
  23. Chard, C. Long Day. Harper’s Weekly. 50:700.
  24. Christy, S. B. Some Lessons fro the Earthquake. Mining and Scientific Press. 92:273.
  25. Cohen, E. A. With a Camera in San Francisco. Camera Craft. 12:183.
  26. Cooper, A. S. The Earthquake Explained. Mining and Scientific Press. 92:401.
  27. Cowell, H. San Francisco Under Stress. Poet-lore, 17: Autumn No. 73.
  28. Cowles, P. What Really Happened. Out West. 24:477.
  29. Crafts, H. A. Features of the Great Earthquake. Scientific American. 94:383.
  30. Currie, B. W. Reconstruction Figures. Sunset. 17:312.
  31. Davison, C. San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Nineteenth Century. 62:220.
  32. De Forest, R. W. Lessons of the San Francisco Disaster. Char. 16:155.
  33. Deering, M. C. C. Woman’s Story of San Francisco’s Ruin. Leslie’s Weekly. 102:448.
  34. Derleth, C., Jr. Destructive Extent of the San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Engineering News. 55:707.
  35. Derleth, C., Jr. Report. Engineering News. 55:503, 525.
  36. Derleth, C., Jr. Some Effects of the San Francisco Earthquake on Water Works, Street Sewers, Car Tracks, and Buildings. Engineering News. 55:548.
  37. Devine, E. T. Housing Problem in San Francisco. Popular Science Quarterly. 21:596.
  38. Devine, E. T. Relief of the Stricken City. Review of Reviews. 33:683.
  39. Dixon, J. M. Concerning the Great California Disaster. Scottish Geographical Magazine. 22:430.
  40. Duryea, E., Jr. Better City. Overland, n.s. 48:108.
  41. Duryea, E., Jr. Reliable Fire Protection the Greatest Present Need of San Francisco. Overland, n.s. 48:385.
  42. Dutton, A. H. Triumph of the Automobile. Overland, n.s. 48:145.
  43. Eaves, L. Where San Francisco was Sorest Stricken. Char. 16:161.
  44. Effects of the San Francisco Earthquake and Fire on Buildings. Engineering Magazine. 33:467.
  45. Emerson, E., Jr. Handling a Crisis. Sunset. 17:23.
  46. Emerson, E., Jr. Reconstruction of San Francisco. Out West. 26:191.
  47. Emerson, E., Jr. San Francisco at Play. Sunset. 17:319.
  48. Engineering News. San Francisco Disaster; Earthquake and Fire Ruin in the Bay Counties of California. Engineering News. 55:478.
  49. Fitzpatrick, F. W. San Francisco Lesson. Scientific American Supplement. 62:25604, 25620.
  50. Freitag, J. K. Fire Losses in the United States; A Grave National Question. Engineering Magazine. 31:321.
  51. French, H. How the Home of Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson was Saved. Overland, n.s. 48:195.
  52. Funston, F. How the Army Worked to Save San Francisco. Cosmopolitan. 41:239. Argonaut, July 9, 1906.
  53. Galloway, J. D. Recent Earthquake in California and the Resulting Fire in San Francisco. Engineering News. 55:523.
  54. Gilbert, G. K. Cause and Nature of Earthquakes. Mining and Scientific Press. 92:272.
  55. Gilbert, G. K. Investigation of the San Francisco Earthquake. Popular Science. 69:97.
  56. Gill, H. V. Some Recent Earthquake Theories. Nineteenth Century. 144.
  57. Gray, J. A. San Francisco and the Spirit of the West. Harper’s Weekly. 50:665.
  58. Griswold, M. E. Three Days Adrift. Sunset. 17:119.
  59. Harriman, E. H. San Francisco’s Experience. Sunset. 17:3 Same. Sunset. 17:36.
  60. Helburn, J. W. Quickening the Spirit. American Magazine. 62:294.
  61. Heller, C. Earthquake and Fire in Steel Buildings. Engineering Magazine. 31:526.
  62. Hill, A. A. Reconstruction of San Francisco. Char. 16:165.
  63. Hill, A. A. San Francisco and the Relief Work Ahead. Char. 16:135.
  64. Holden, J. A. Destruction of San Francisco. Canadian Magazine. 27:136.
  65. Holland, B. B. Notes on the Fire-proofing in San Francisco Buildings after the fire. Eng. Rec., May 26, 1906.
  66. Hopper, J. Destruction of San Francisco. Strand. 32:320. Everybody’s. June, 1906. Sricken’s City’s Day of Terror. Harper’s Weekly. 50:661.
  67. How Things Were Righted. Sunset. 18:529.
  68. Howard, J. G. Rebuilding of the City. Out West. 24:532.
  69. Hyde, C. G. Structural, Municipal and Sanitary Aspects of the Central California Disaster. Eng. Rec., June 24, 1906.
  70. Inkersley, A. Amateur’s Experience of Earthquake and Fire. Camera Craft. 12:195.
  71. Inkersley, A. Effects of the Earthquake and Fire Upon San Francisco. Scientific American. 94:418.
  72. Inkersley, A. Salving Fireproof Safes and Their Contents. Scientific American. 94:434.
  73. Inkersley, A. What San Francisco Has to Start With. Overland. 47:466.
  74. Irwin, E. P. Matter with San Francisco. Overland, n.s. 48:188.
  75. James, G. W. Great Opportunity. Arena. 36:113.
  76. Jennings, R. P. Organization in the Crisis. Out West. 24:519.
  77. Jordan, D. S. Cause of the Great Earthquake. Cosmopolitan. 41:343.
  78. Jordan, D. S. Earthquake Rift of 1906. Popular Science. 69:289.
  79. Keeler, C. A. Children and Their Pets in the San Francisco Fire. St. Nicolas. 33:971.
  80. Lafler, H. A. My Sixty Sleepless Hours. McClure’s. 27:275.
  81. Larkin, E. L. California Earthquake. Science. 24:178.
  82. Larkin, E. L. Earthquake Observations. Scientific American. 94:418.
  83. Leavitt, B. Relief Work in San Francisco. Pacific Unitarian. 14:215.
  84. Leavitt, B. What San Francisco Stands for To-day. Sunset. 18:545.
  85. Leonard, J. B. Effect of the California Earthquake on Reinforced Concrete. Eng. Rec., May 26, 1906.
  86. Leuschner, A. O. The Earthquake. Mining and Scientific Press. 92:274.
  87. Lewys, E. F. Pioneer Firms of New San Francisco. Overland, n.s. 47:498.
  88. Lummis, C. F. In the Lion’s Den. Out West. 24:431.
  89. McAdie, A. G. Scientific Side of the California Earthquake. Sunset. 17:42.
  90. Marvin, C. F. Record of the Great Earthquake written in Washington by the seismograph of the United States Weather Bureau. National Geographical Magazine. 17:296.
  91. Mears, W. How San Francisco Spent the Relief Fun. World To-day. 13:1097.
  92. Mears, W. Spending $9,181,403.23. Overland, n.s. 50:211.
  93. Michelson, M. Destruction of San Francisco. Harper’s Weekly, May 5, 1906. 50:623.
  94. Millard, B. When Alturia Awoke. Cosmopolitan. 41:237.
  95. Mitchell, W. G. The Great Fire in San Francisco. American Arch. 89:185.
  96. Moffett, S. E. San Francisco’s Disaster. Review of Reviews. 33:170.
  97. Moore, J. F. Hero of the San Francisco Relief. Char. 17:418.
  98. Murdock, C. A. The San Francisco Earthquake and Fire. Pacific Unitarian. 14:197.
  99. New San Francisco. Sunset. 19:421.
  100. New San Francisco Magazine.
  101. Newlands, F. G. New San Francisco. Ind. 60:1093.
  102. Norris, C. G. Valley of the Shadow. Sunset. 17:104.
  103. Notes on the California Earthquake. Eng. Rec., May 19, 1906.
  104. Omori, Fusakichi. Observation of Distant Earthquakes. Mining and Scientific Press. 92:397.
  105. Omori, Fusakichi. On the Great Earthquake of April 18, of San Francisco, of 1906. Journal Geography. 18:764. (Tokyo Geographical Society.)
  106. One Lesson of the Earthquake. Journal of Franklin Institute. 162:158.
  107. Palmer, F. Stricken City Undismayed. Collier’s, May 12, 1906.
  108. Phelan, J. D., and Others. The Builders: A Symposium. Overland, n.s. 48:3.
  109. Phelan, J. D. Future of San Francisco. Out West. 24:537.
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EDIT, August 6, 2014: Image of the old San Francisco City Hall, courtesy of Wikipedia.

Contemporaneous description of San Francisco’s Barbary Coast

This short article appeared in the Daily Alta California newspaper on May 19, 1852 and provides a contemporaneous description of the city’s infamous Barbary Coast quarter, then called Sydney Town. The article describes a scene on Pacific Street, probably located somewhere between Stockton and Montgomery or Sansome Streets.

“BAD CHARACTERS. Pacific street has justly obtained an unenviable notoriety, from the fact of being the resort of gangs of miserable loafers and despicable thieves, who seem to confine their operations entirely to that portion of the city. There appears to live in that quarter a host of systematic sharpers and organized bands of villians, who live entirely by their wits in plucking the many verdant ones as fast as they come to town. The numerous dance-houses and rum-mills are filled with half dressed and slovenly looking women of every color known, whilst bloated loafers are hanging around watching every opportunity to take advantage of the least thing that might turn up in their favor. The stories of the many who have been plucked in that street have become as familiar as household words; each one goes through the same course, and all come out alike. Persons just arrived from the mines, who were perhaps never in so large a city in their lives, are struck with perfect wonder and astonishment at the many curious and wonderful things to be found in the city. Fandangos naturally attract their whole attention, an intimate acquaintance is soon formed with some bewitching syren, who would rather drink twice than make one excuse. It requires but a few drinks of drugged rum to render the victim insensible; he is plucked at leisure, and then kicked out, on the plea of creating a disturbance. Though our police are constantly watching these notorious characters, and know at the same time that they are thieves, these depredations are managed in such a manner as to make it impossible to obtain sufficient evidence to convict them. Aided by low, degraded women, thieves carry on a successful business, and defy the officers of the law. Witnesses can be easily obtained for a trifle who will swear to anything necessary to clear these scoundrels, with as much unconcern as if an oath were but a mockery. Guilty parties are thus cleared, the spoils divided, and plans are laid for some new enterprise. Though the police are active and industrious in watching these scoundrels, and though the Recorder would willingly punish them to the fullest extent, still the law is inadequate to reach them, so skillfully do they manage their affairs. It will require but a few more cases of an aggravated nature for the people to take the matter into their own hands, and rid our city of the hordes of graceless scoundrels that infest it.”

“Local Matters,” Daily Alta California, May 19, 1852, pg. 2, col. 3.